In August 2018, Hong Kong-minded academic Willy Lam said the trade war had raised all previous concerns from various Western countries about China and undermined the authority of Chinese President Xi Jinping.   Zhang Baohui, a professor of political science at Lingnan University in Hong Kong, also said that the trade war had been effective in challenging the myth of Chinese invincibility by saying that tariffs “really hurt China at a very bad time when the economy has serious problems.”  The pact aims to open Up Chinese markets to more U.S. companies, increase agricultural and energy exports, and better protect U.S. technology and trade secrets. China has committed to purchase an additional $200 billion in U.S. goods and services by 2021, and is expected to ease some of its tariffs on U.S. products. “If the government lets the Phase 1 agreement die, it will be difficult to justify the pain caused by the long trade war,” she wrote in an essay this week. Wendy Cutler, vice president of the Asia Society Policy Institute, which negotiated trade pacts for the Obama administration, called the benefits “reasonable but modest.” Globally, foreign direct investment has slowed.  The trade war has damaged the European economy, particularly Germany, although trade relations between Germany and China, as well as between Germany and the United States, remain good.  The Canadian economy is also having a negative impact.  As the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and South Korea have shown “low production” from 2019.
 Several Asian governments have put in place stimulus measures to repair the damage caused by the trade war, although economists have said it may not be effective.  President Barack Obama defended the Trans-Pacific Trade Pact to oppose China, which is writing global trade rules for the 21st century. But days after taking office, President Trump withdrew the United States from the agreement and imposed tariffs on trading partners and sparked a trade war with China. The United States and China have several unresolved issues regarding bilateral trade between the two countries. The trade deficit between China and the United States increased significantly, with the volume of imports from China growing much faster than U.S. exports to China. This large trade deficit has been a problem for both economists and policy makers. Some argue that it is an indicator of China`s unfair trade practices, while others attribute the imbalance to the strength of the Chinese economy and production systems heavily influenced by state intervention. The Trump administration has put in place several customs measures to reduce the trade imbalance. “I don`t see what China would benefit from not respecting. My guess is that it won`t happen,” said Vaughn, a business partner at the Washington law firm King and Spalding.
James Andrew Lewis of the Center for Strategic and International Studies said the U.S. china needs a commitment to respect international trade rules and standards and to extend mutual treatment to U.S. companies in China.  The U.S. agricultural belt, with its oversized influence in U.S. policy, was the most well-known target of China`s retaliation for Trump`s tariffs. Agricultural exports grew relatively well before the trade war, but suffered.6 Unlike hard-hit U.S. producers, U.S. farmers received tens of billions of dollars in federal subsidies in 2018, 2019 and 2020. Agriculture accounts for only 22% of the products covered by the purchase obligations, less than a third of the size of the manufacturing industry. Chinese politicians and continental economists are divided over the trade war.    In an article in the NPR`s