We should consider ourselves individual Robinson Crusoes who all live on our own island, happiness or bad luck with regard to our talents and the natural disposition of our islands, but able to negotiate and act among themselves to trade goods and services. The conclusion of such agreements is to our advantage and that is why the rationality of concluding such agreements and keeping us in them convinces us. “Removing barriers to trade is essential to maintaining democracy. . . . throughout the region. Former U.S. President George W. Bush, April 2001. While this result is striking, this result may be due to other differences between democracies, with and without free trade partners. This is how we conduct a detailed econometric analysis.
We build on the strategy adopted by Persson and Tabellini (2009), which assesses the likelihood of a democratic collapse with the concept of “democratic capital”. The domestic political component of democratic capital takes into account the history of democracy in the country, while its foreign component takes into account the current level of democracy abroad. Together with other covariates, these two components of democratic capital allow us to assess the likelihood of democratic failure in a country. Using methods of continuous analysis, we find that increased participation in free trade agreements significantly reduces the likelihood of democratic collapse; In other words, free trade agreements contribute to the “consolidation” of democracies. This explains why democratic experiments have been particularly successful since the late 1980s. A second model should focus on whether unstable democracies are looking for free trade agreements instead. The authors model stability on the basis of several factors, including the country`s democratic history, the size of the economy and its colonial past. The authors show that, historically, vulnerable democracies are more likely to enter into free trade agreements, perhaps because of the positive effects described above. Trade is again an important topic of discussion in the United States, as Congress concludes a turbulent negotiation on legislation that could pave the way for new free trade agreements such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership. While the debate has touched on economic displacement in one`s own country and geopolitical considerations in Asia, this is an agricultural argument widely used in the past to support trade agreements: free trade can help democracy prosper.
A recent article in the American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics examines the role of free trade agreements in democratic development. In the early platonic dialogue, Crito, Socrates, makes a convincing argument as to why he should remain in prison and accept the death penalty instead of fleeing and going into exile in another Greek city. He embodies the laws of Athens and explains through their voices that he has acquired an overwhelming obligation to respect the laws because they have made possible his whole way of life and even the fact of its existence. They allowed his mother and father to marry and have legitimate children, including themselves.