In the economy, a protocol is generally a legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties that defines the terms and modalities of mutual understanding or agreement and notes the requirements and responsibilities of each party – without concluding a formal and legally enforceable contract (although a MoU is often a first step towards the development of a formal contract).   Di Indonesia, Memorandum of Understanding juga dikenal dengan nota kesepakatan, nota kesepahaman, perjanjian kerja sama, ataupun perjanjian pendahuluan. Dalam bisnis, perjanjian atau pembuatan kesepakatan bukan lagi hal yang asing. Oleh karena itu, memorandum of Understanding atau MoU adalah hal yang perlu kamu pahami. “a written statement detailing the provisional understanding of parties wishing to enter into a contract or other agreement; a non-binding letter before a contract. A declaration of intent is not binding and does not prevent the parties from negotiating with a third party. Businessmen generally think that they are not bound by a memorandum of understanding and the courts generally do not impose them, but the courts sometimes find that a commitment has been made… Joint Declaration of Understanding (MOU) Defines a “general area of understanding” within the authorities of both parties and no transfer of credit for services is expected. MOUs often give common goals and nothing more. Therefore, CEECs do not think about money transfers and should normally contain a language that says something similar: “This is not a funded document; By signing this agreement, the parties are not required to take action or fund an initiative. An agreement can be used to trace the operation of a program so that it works in a certain way. For example, two agencies with similar objectives may agree to cooperate to solve a problem or support the activities of the other through the use of an agreement. The agreement is nothing more than a formalized handshake. Maka berdasarkan penjelasan tersebut di atas, dapat disimpulkan bahwa mengenai kekuatan hukum dari MoU dapat mengikat para pihak, apabila content/isi dari MoU tersebut telah memenuhi unsur perjanjian sebagaimana telah diuraikan di atas, dan bukan sebagai pendahuluan sebelum membuat perjanjian, sebagaimana maksud pembuatan MoU sebenarnya.