Why Has The Doha Round Of The General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade Been Inconclusive

In addition to substantive recommendations in areas such as e-commerce and cross-border investment, the groups also proposed new types of international trade agreements to implement them.13 The Doha Round negotiations included the objective of “clarifying and improving disciplines” under the WTO`s Anti-Dumping Agreements (ADAs) and subsidies and countervailing measures (ASCM).61 The United States wanted the negotiations to be s on trade policy remedies be considered. outside the Doha Round. But many WTO partners have insisted on putting them into discussion. U.S. negotiators succeeded in inserting language stating that “the fundamental concepts, principles and effectiveness of these agreements, their instruments and objectives” would be preserved. However, congressional leaders have been highly critical of this concession by U.S. trade negotiators.62 ODI investigations have highlighted the priorities of NTPs during the Doha Round. It is argued that agricultural subsidies, particularly cotton, unite developing countries more than the provisions of the TDS in opposition and thus result in greater consensus. [60] In Hong Kong, members did not wish to submit a second round of revised tenders by July 31, 2006 and submit a final schedule for commitments by October 31, 2006. In order to expedite the negotiation process, members also agreed to submit plurilateral requests to other members covering specific sectors and types of care to be completed by 28 February 2006. In response to this deadline, 21 plurilateral requests were submitted across 17 sectors and 4 types of care, and 4 rounds of discussions took place. In addition, since the end of 2005, 6 rounds of bilateral investigation and offer meetings have been held between participants.

It is worth noting in particular how the role of developing countries changed at the Doha Ministerial Conference. Since the beginning of GATT, the main decision-makers have been almost exclusively industrialized countries. At the previous Ministerial Conference (Seattle, 1999), developing countries demanded more strongly that their interests be taken into account. Some developing countries insisted that they would not support a new round of multilateral negotiations unless they had made some concessions in advance and the agenda included their interests. Due to the increased influence of developing countries in defining the Doha Plan of Action, the new round became known as the Doha Development Agenda. The main proponents of these changes were a group of 15 developed and developing countries known as “Friends of Anti-Dumping” (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand and Turkey; although not all countries sign all the proposals). They have made many proposals and, for the most part, their proposals would reduce the frequency and scope of tariffs. Many of their proposals would require a change in U.S. laws. Although the EU is a major user of trade measures and is not a member of the Group of Friends, it has accepted some of the Group`s proposals.

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